LINDA ZEB HANG
STRUT/COIL/INDENT, 2018; flexible distal binding on chipboard, 44 plate units, each 9 × 12″, 22.9 × 30.4cm; sculptural coiled ‘indents’, each 3 × 3 × 3″, installation variable.
Hyperparasitism and predation
Hyperparasitism is another ecological strategy that endophytes provide to protect the host plant. In hyperparasitism, the pathogen is directly attacked by a specific endophyte that kills it or its propagules. Fungal endophytes parasitize around the hyphae of pathogens by various means such as coiling, twisting, penetrating the hyphae of pathogens and secreting lyase to decompose the cell wall of pathogens. Microbial predations are the mode of action of endophyte to suppress the plant pathogens. Trichoderma produces a range of enzymes that are directly used against the cell walls of fungi to compel the fragment of pathogens.